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The illness Schönlein-Henoch purpura (PSH) it is a vasculitis, like Kawasaki disease. The word 'vasculitis' means 'disease due to inflammation of various blood vessels'.
PSH is the most common vasculitis in pediatric age. It mostly affects males between 2 and 6 years of age.
From a clinical point of view, the main manifestations are:
- Palpable purple. A purpura is a lesion similar to a hematoma, but small in size. It is called 'palpable', because if we run our finger over it, we are going to touch a certain relief. It is usually present in the lower limbs and buttocks.
- Digestive symptoms There is usually crampy abdominal pain, and may be accompanied by bleeding in the stool. In some cases there may be intussusception (the introduction of an intestinal segment in another distal to it is called this).
- Joint symptoms. Pain, inflammation
- Renal involvement. In the form of bleeding, or in the form of abnormal emission of protein in the urine.
- Other symptoms Testicular inflammation, headache, cardiac involvement.
The diagnosis of this entity is made by the clinic, although your pediatrician will do a blood test (to confirm that the number of platelets is correct) and a urine test (to rule out kidney involvement).
The course of the disease is usually self-limited, and subsides spontaneously. If there are significant digestive, joint or kidney symptoms, you can resort to treatment with steroids, which exert a powerful anti-inflammatory action.
You can read more articles similar to Purpura disease in children, in the category of Childhood Diseases on site.