Dictionary of pregnancy. Letter a

Dictionary of pregnancy. Letter a

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In We clarify all your doubts related to pregnancy. Know what the different terms and words related to pregnancy mean.

Knowing how pregnancy develops will help you live it more safely and with confidence. We encourage you to use our pregnant dictionary and that you solve any question that worries you.


The loss of the fetus or baby that was expected is called abortion. A miscarriage occurs when the loss of the fetus occurs before the 20th week. From this week on, it is called preterm labor. Natural abortion usually occurs between weeks 6 and 8 of pregnancy and its most obvious symptom is vaginal bleeding. Normally it happens due to some chromosomal abnormality in the fetus.

Folic acid

Essential vitamin during pregnancy, largely responsible for the growth of fetal cells and the production of DNA. It is also known as vitamin B9, and it participates in the production of tissues and organs of the baby. Adequate intake of folic acid before pregnancy and during gestation reduces the risk of premature delivery, neuronal defects, spinal column or lip of the baby. Its deficit during pregnancy can cause spina bifida, cleft lip or anencephaly.


The final phase of labor is called delivery, when finally, after having helped the baby to be born, the placenta is delivered. This usually happens minutes after the expulsion. The placenta is the organ in charge of feeding and protecting the baby during the nine months of pregnancy. In charge of offering all the necessary nutrients and keeping the fetus away from bacteria and germs.


Prenatal test that consists of the extraction of a small sample of amniotic fluid. It is usually done around the 20th week of pregnancy. Its purpose is to detect possible congenital defects or abnormalities in the baby, such as Down syndrome, neurological or metabolic diseases. The amniotic fluid sample is removed by inserting a very fine needle into the uterus through the abdomen. The reliability of the results is more than 99%.


Test performed in the last weeks of pregnancy, when the fetus already has its head embedded in the mother's pelvis. It consists of inserting a hollow tube through the vagina to observe the state of the amniotic fluid. If the liquid is not clear, but yellow, brown or green, it may indicate the presence of meconium, and poses a risk to the baby. The gynecologist must decide whether or not to induce labor.

Epidural anesthesia

Anesthesia applied only to the lower part of the body, from the waist down, in order to alleviate the pain of contractions and labor delivery. It is applied by a specialized anesthetist through a puncture in the lumbar area. To do this, it uses a very long and thick needle that is infiltrated into an area of ​​the spine. A catheter is inserted into the open space to administer and control anesthesia throughout the delivery.


Hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause anxiety in the pregnant woman. It is that fear, stress and nervousness that affects the future mother especially when the due date approaches. Moderate physical activity and relaxation exercises help combat anxiety during pregnancy.


They are known colloquially as cravings, and are nothing other than whims of the pregnant woman for a specific food or 'urgent need for satisfaction' of the pregnant woman in the face of some lack related to a food. It can be for a flavor, or a mixture of foods. The craving is due either to hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy or to the need to supply a nutritional deficiency.


It is one of the most typical discomforts of pregnant women during pregnancy. It occurs mainly in the last weeks, at the end of pregnancy. It is nothing more than the sensation of feeling the gastric juices in the esophagus constantly. It is produced by the displacement of the stomach upwards due to the growth of the uterus.


The areola is the dark part of the breast that surrounds the nipple. During pregnancy, the areola gets bigger and darker even more. Midwives call it the 'second areola'. The objective of this change is to attract the attention of the newborn to promote breastfeeding as soon as the baby is born.


It is the implantation or attachment of the embryo to the endometrium, that soft layer that covers the uterus from the inside. The ovum, already fertilized, reaches the uterus approximately four days after the sperm succeeded in fertilizing the ovum. Two days after arrival in the uterus, the egg's 'shell' breaks and the embryo sticks to the endometrium.

You can read more articles similar to Dictionary of pregnancy. Letter a, in the category of Getting pregnant on site.

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