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Strabismus does not correct itself or over time. It must be treated with medical help and guidance to avoid loss of vision in one eye. Treatment is most effective when it is started early, so a timely diagnosis is the most effective measure to treat it. After 7 years of age, the chances of correction are slower and less effective. Therefore, it is very important that both parents and pediatricians and educators are attentive and always observe the movements of the children's eyes to detect any abnormality.
At the moment when any deviation of the eyes is detected, it is recommended that you go to the specialist since a quick control of the situation will avoid the presence of amblyopia, and will allow a better functional and cosmetic prognosis.
Treatment of strabismus it is highly variable and long, but effective in most cases. It will take persistence, patience and perseverance on the part of the parents and relatives, to achieve transmitting tranquility to the child and to achieve a better result. Depending on the degree of strabismus of the child, the treatment may only be medical, and in more advanced cases require a surgical correction.
- Medical treatment It is based on the use of optical correction, glasses, occlusions with patches, muscle exercises, special glasses, in order to recover the vision of the lazy eye and improve the action, skill and movement of the muscles.
- Surgical treatment It is applied when medical treatment is not enough and the eyes persist with their deviation. This treatment consists of effectively shortening, lengthening or changing the position of one or more of the eye muscles, allowing the correct alignment of both eyes. It also strengthens the muscles of the eye, one or both. It can be done sometimes without having to resort to admission and general anesthesia. Regardless, the child's eye doctor or ophthalmologist will inform them about the entire process.
On the other hand, there is also the alternative of using drugs such as botulinum toxin, but only under medical guidance and prescription.
Strabismus affects 3 to 5 percent of all children (both sexes are affected equally) and there is usually some family history. The sooner strabismus is detected, the greater the chances of correction for the baby and the family. Functional strabismus in newborns usually remits between the fourth and sex month. But, it is recommended that when the baby is around four months, it is convenient that an observation be made followed by the movements of his eyes.
To make this observation, you can hold a toy one foot from his face and move it from one side to the other. Check that the baby's eyes move together at each change of movement. If you suspect that this is not the case and that there is a deviation in the parallelism of the eyes, consult the baby's pediatrician. Only he can give a more accurate diagnosis.
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