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Fluid retention in pregnancy tends to affect, to a greater or lesser extent, almost all women. As the pregnancy progresses, it tends to become more intense, especially in the third trimester, and can continue after delivery, until the body returns to normal.
Edema is generally caused due to fluid retention and increased pressure in the veins, due to increased blood volume, and is usually worse when fatigue is experienced and when temperatures are high. Are there any foods that help alleviate this problem?
The ankles are usually the most affected, although edema of the fingers, face and lower back can appear with some frequency. Aside from improving symptoms once they appear, certain measures can be taken to avoid fluid retention and the appearance of edema or at least minimize it.
On the other hand, due to the increase in blood volume during pregnancy, the balance between sodium and potassium levels can be compromised, and therefore promote fluid retention inside cells. Cells maintain a correct water balance through osmoregulation, that is, balancing the electrolytes on both sides of the cell wall. To keep this balance, it is advisable to make sure that the potassium levels are appropriate and they are in balance with sodium levels.
1. Foods rich in potassium: The sodium intake does not usually cause problems, rather it is usually done in excess, so it is convenient to include foods rich in potassium in the diet. They are rich in potassium, in addition to bananas, vegetables such as chard and spinach, Brussels sprouts or cabbage, mushrooms in general and potatoes.
2. Vegetables: Some foods promote kidney function, being able to help eliminate water and waste products that accumulate in the urine, reducing the chances of inflammation. These foods include vegetables like celery, squash, asparagus, and green beans, and leafy greens like spinach and chard. Also fruits such as citrus, grapes, pineapple and all varieties of apples. In addition to these, garlic and onion also have diuretic properties, so they can be added to the usual dishes.
3. Liquids: The intake of fluids, especially water, either natural or in the form of infusions, favors its flow in the body, so it also reduces retention. Although it seems contradictory the fact that water intake has this function, this is because water is the vehicle for eliminating waste products from cells.
4. Vitamin C: Foods rich in vitamins C and E also promote the elimination of fluids or decrease their retention. They are rich in vitamin C, for example, citrus fruits and strawberries, and some vegetables such as broccoli, tomatoes and peppers. Vitamin E, being a fat-soluble vitamin, is found in considerable amounts in olive oil and other vegetable oils and in nuts.
Although fluid retention seems inevitable in the third trimester of pregnancy, following a proper diet can help reduce it and even prevent its appearance in a healthy and natural way.
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