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On February 27, the National Transplant Day. This date has made us turn our gaze towards all those children who, at a certain moment, need an organ or tissue transplant in order to survive or have an adequate quality of life. And, the transplant is nothing more than the replacement of a diseased organ or tissue with another that works properly. Bones, tendons, corneas, skin, heart, bone marrow, umbilical cord blood can be transplanted ...
In order for a child to receive a transplant, there must be a donor. Spain is the country with the highest donation rate in the world. Donations are made altruistically by anonymous people and the entire process is financially covered by the National Health System. This system, considered as an example, is increasingly imitated by more countries.
Children who can receive a transplant are those who have some damage to one of their organs and cannot be cured with another type of treatment. Therefore, transplantation is the only solution to avoid death. It is then that the child enters a waiting list to receive that organ he needs.
The criteria used for a child on the waiting list to receive a transplant is based on the criteria of urgency and then the territorial criteria are respected. It is finally the transplant team who decides which patient is the most suitable to receive the organ depending on the compatibility, its characteristics or severity. However, in many cases, the child's donor is a direct relative.
The National Transplant Organization in Spain shares very optimistic figures, and it is that in 2013 alone it performed 4,279 transplants thanks to the generosity of 1,655 donors. And it is that, during the 25 years of life of this organization they have registered more than 1,000 child donors and nearly 3,000 children have had organs transplanted. The majority of transplants performed at these early ages are kidney and liver.
Therefore, the greatest hope for all those children who are waiting for a transplant is the generosity of the anonymous people who decide to become an organ donor. It is an example for everyone, that of those people who decide to donate an organ or tissue to another child or family that they do not know or will not know, it is one of the greatest expressions of solidarity, but the end justifies it: saving the life of a child .
Source: National Organization of Traspantes
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