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There are women who seek know your fertile days to avoid pregnancy. On the other hand, other women want to know to achieve a pregnancy more quickly. And it is that knowing the depth of our menstrual cycle and each of the phases that occur in it can be very useful. Today I tell you the three techniques to know the fertile days of a woman.
Ovulation is the process of emission of the ovum after the formation of an ovarian follicle. The ovum is the female gamete (a cell produced by the ovary), which carries the genetic material and is capable of being fertilized by a sperm.
As we know, the fertile days begin in the middle of the cycle, those in which the woman is ovulating. This is when the ovary releases a mature egg that travels down the fallopian tubes. As we say, this usually happens about 13 or 15 days before the rule.
During ovulation, which can last two or three days, the egg waits to be fertilized by a sperm. As sperm can last alive inside the woman's body between 48 and 72 hours, it is possible that fertilization occurs even before that day 13, before the mature egg has come down.
Ultimately, whatever method we use, if we have frequent sexual intercourse from day 13 of our cycle (for regular cycles of 28-30 days) for about five days, we favor fertilization, although this not only depends the egg is mature and ready.
We go on to comment on the physical signs to announce what are the fertile days to get pregnant and what we should pay attention to.
- Basal temperature
Before ovulation, the basal temperature is usually between 36.5 and 36.7 degrees. As a result of hormonal changes, there is an increase in progesterone levels and the temperature usually rises by 0.3 to 0.5 degrees in the two to three days after ovulation.
- Vaginal discharge
The hormonal changes that govern the cycle produce variation in the texture of the vaginal discharge. On days when the woman is not fertile, the cervical mucus is whitish or yellowish, not very abundant and rather sticky in texture. The vulva is not naturally lubricated.
Towards the middle of our cycle there are changes in the texture of the vaginal discharge due to the action of estrogens. In the two or three days before ovulation, the flow increases in quantity, becomes transparent and takes on a stringy texture, similar to that of egg white.
The most fertile period begins on the last day we detect this type of thick and sticky cervical mucus (similar to egg white). This change occurs to help the sperm reach the egg. Little by little the discharge becomes stickier and drier as ovulation ends.
- Ovulation test
There is a third method or way of knowing the fertile days of the woman. They are ovulation tests, which can be purchased at pharmacies. They are able to detect this period through the increase of Luteinizing Hormone (LH) in the woman's urine.
Knowing these fertile days 'allows' to influence the conception of a boy or a girl. It is true that there is no type of scientific evidence to corroborate it, but there are certain popular beliefs that say that if a couple has sex two days before ovulation there is a greater chance of fathering a girl. On the other hand, if they occur in the following two or three days, the baby would be a boy.
We must insist that there is no study that confirms this information, but in consultation we can inform our patients about it in case they want to try.
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