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All women want a healthy, happy and safe pregnancy, but in some cases a complication called preeclampsia can occur after 20 weeks of gestation, which is mainly characterized by the pregnant woman having high blood pressure (arterial hypertension), which it can have serious, even fatal, consequences for mother and child. In this article we will focus on the mental disorders that preeclampsia can cause in the baby.
Preeclampsia can occur in pregnant women who have never suffered from tension, but during pregnancy they begin to suffer from blood pressure figures above normal (greater than 120/80), accompanied by edema of the lower limbs (swollen feet and legs) and fluid retention in other parts of the body. Likewise, when performing a urine test, the presence of proteins in it, called proteinuria, can be observed, which tells us about damage to the kidneys caused by hypertension itself.
High blood pressure can also affect your liver, brain and mainly the placenta, which can lead to a lack of oxygen and nutrient supply to the fetus. and if it is not corrected in time, it can produce a detachment of the placenta (it detaches from the wall of the uterus), unfortunately ending in premature delivery or fetal death.
If you are pregnant and you begin to have frequent or persistent headaches, photophobia or intolerance to light, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, tiredness or fatigue, discomfort to urinate and, in small amounts and fluid retention (swelling), you should go as soon as possible to your control with the gynecologist.
If the diagnosis is preeclampsia, because you also have high blood pressure, you will be prescribed oral or intravenous medical treatment, a low-sodium diet (low in salt), rest and continuous monitoring, which you must comply with to the letter.
If the mother overcomes pre-eclampsia and manages to have her baby, there may be a 66% chance that her child's mental health is affected, which was proven in a study conducted by the University of Helsinki (Finland).
The study carried out by this University was published in the journal 'Hypertension' and was based on the follow-up of 4,743 pairs of mothers and children where a association of mothers who suffered from chronic gestational hypertension, preeclampsia or eclampsia (with seizures) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in their children, better known with the acronym ADHD. Preeclampsia is also related to other mental disorders such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and schizophrenia.
In the study they also concluded that when preeclampsia evolves into eclampsia, which is as explained by the Spanish Association of Pediatrics in their report Preeclampsia, eclampsia and Hellp syndrome, 'when the pregnant woman has uncontrolled very high blood pressure and can reach to convulse ', the baby's chances of suffering from these mental disorders are doubled. Likewise, within the research study, they observed that Pathologies such as gestational diabetes and obesity also influence the appearance of mental disorders in babies.
One of the researchers, a participant in the study, Marius Lathi-Pelkinen, stated that these predisposing effects can be extended to any pathology or psychological disorder that the future baby may have.
And the conclusion of the study, based on the results obtained, leads the researchers to confirm that if preventive measures are taken or the necessary treatments are carried out so that the pregnant woman does not develop any of these pathologies (high blood pressure, obesity and diabetes), You can improve the well-being of both the mother and the child and thus avoid the mental disorders that can affect it.
Broadly speaking, preeclampsia can lead to kidney damage, liver damage, brain injury (CVA), bleeding disorders, pulmonary edema, seizures (eclampsia), and even death. Everything will depend on the type of preeclampsia that the pregnant woman suffers.
In milder or uncomplicated cases, high blood pressure indices will be reduced six months after giving birth and, during this time, it is necessary to have a control by the midwife, gynecologist or head doctor .
Blood flow must also be controlled as they may be more prone to ischemic heart disease and, consequently, heart attacks or strokes. In turn, the doctor will check all the organs that could be affected such as kidneys, lungs or liver.
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